Dating talk line
TM 1512, Australopithecus africanus (was Plesianthropus transvaalensis) Discovered by Robert Broom in 1936 at Sterkfontein in South Africa (Broom 1936).
It is between 2 and 3 million years old, but it and most other South African fossils are found in cave deposits that are difficult to date.
That is a misleading image, as there are now thousands of hominid fossils.
They are however mostly fragmentary, often consisting of single bones or isolated teeth. The list is sorted by species, going from older to more recent species. A braincase is the cranium minus the face and upper jaw. Abbreviations: ER East (Lake) Rudolf, Kenya WT West (Lake) Turkana, Kenya KP Kanapoi, Kenya SK Swartkrans, South Africa Sts, Stw Sterkfontein, South Africa TM Transvaal Museum, South Africa OH Olduvai Hominid, Tanzania AL Afar Locality, Ethiopia ARA-VP Aramis Vertebrate Paleontology, Ethiopia BOU-VP Bouri Vertebrate Paleontology, Ethiopia TM Toros-Menalla, Chad TM 266-01-060-1, "Toumai", Sahelanthropus tchadensis Discovered by Ahounta Djimdoumalbaye in 2001 in Chad, in the southern Sahara desert. This is a mostly complete cranium with a small brain (between 320 and 380 cc). 2002, Wood 2002) It has many primitive apelike features, such as the small brainsize, along with others, such as the brow ridges and small canine teeth, which are characteristic of later hominids. Most remains are teeth, but there is also a partial lower jaw of a child, a partial cranium base, and partial arm bone from 2 individuals.
Their size and stride length indicate that they were about 140 cm (4'8") and 120 cm (4'0") tall.
Many scientists claim that the footprints are effectively identical to those of modern humans (Tattersall 1993; Feder and Park 1989), while others claim the big toes diverged slightly (like apes) and that the toe lengths are longer than humans but shorter than in apes (Burenhult 1993). afarensis, because no other hominid species is known from that time, although some scientists disagree with that classification. This is a 70% complete skull of a large adult male, easily the most complete afarensis skull known, with a brain size of 550 cc.